Exploratory Research | Design Research | Participatory Design
for women with complication
About the project
Project aims at understanding the everyday challenges that pregnant women, caregivers and healthcare professionals face in relation to maternal health. Based in village Kuraj, Rajsamand, Rajashthan, the focus area of the project is pregnancy complications specifically anemia.The project further digs into the scope of healthcare technologies in a rural setup.
Jatan Sansthan (Udaipur)
University of Leicester (UK)
Kuraj village , Rajasthan
July 2019 - September 2019
Anushri Ghode Assistant Researcher)
Shipra Purohit (Assistant Researcher)
In-depth understanding of pregnant women who are at risk of pregnancy complications to better understand women’s experiences through
• socio-cultural and care practices
• daily routines
• infrastructures (physical and/or digital)
Data to patterns
on the field
The recruitment process was to locate the participants (pregnant women), who had complications (focus here was anemia). Visits to Angwanwadi centres in the locality were made with the help of health workers to list down the participants.
Around 18 women were interviewed out of whom 15 had anemia. Apart from the pregnant women , ASHA workers and Anganwadi workers other care givers were also interviewed.
Before entering the field, a study on the schemes provided by the government and the NGO initiatives in the area was conducted. The secondary research was also focused on the research work done in the past that can be significant in this scenario.
Primary Research Methods
Various primary research methods used on the field :
Observations on the healthcare services by visiting the government infrastructure, care givers - hospitals, Anganwadi center.
Looking for resources and mapping spaces around the pregnant women's houses.
Primary Healthcare center
Ambulance service 108
House of a pregnant woman
Visual forms of interviews were used to engage the participants and make the conversation more interactive.
Interaction with a pregnant woman
Participatory activity with Pregnant women
In the group activity sessions, group of women ,accompanied by their family members were asked to draw about the the places that they go to in the 9 months Along with this they were asked to map their feelings when they visit those places.
The exercise was intended to bring out the navigation and emotions of the women during those months.
Pregnant women group activity
Mapping done by women
Participatory activity with Health workers
Asha and anganwadi workers at different centres were given few scenarios and were asked to choose what would they do in those situations.
Group activity with health workers
Scenario placed by health workers
From the data collected from the field , the information was categorized in various themes to bring out the patterns.
One of the methods was clustering information using affinity mapping and bringing out the themes from the clusters.
9 month mapping
The other method used for categorizing data was to divide it into the trimester cycles of woman's pregnancy and map all the interviews accordingly.
Patterns that came out from the research would be further be nuanced to take a form of research paper which is the outcome for the project.
Decision making in the pregnancy care depends on the social structure, hierarchy of the family and her surroundings
Women long and desire for a place where they could be taken care off.
Traditional beliefs , cultural practices plays an important role in care during the days of pregnancy. Beliefs about avoiding food items came out evidently during the interactions.